Monday, May 7, 2007 29 Comments

The BDH-OV conflict

Yesterday I posted a taxonomy of the conflicting social castes in the US. I outlined five groups (Brahmin, Dalit, Helot, Optimate, Vaisya) in language that was neutral to slightly negative, using a bit of anthro-speak to focus on personal, rather than political, values.

However, it's pretty obvious where the political divisions lie. The Democrats are the party of the Brahmins, Dalits and Helots. The Republicans are the party of the Optimates and Vaisyas. Thus, instead of the red-state / blue-state conflict, which uses meaningless colors and averages geographically in a way that blurs information, we can speak of the "BDH-OV conflict."

The exceptions to the definition of "blue-state" as BDH, and "red-state" as OV, are in many ways the best illustrations of this principle. For example, not all African-Americans and Hispanics are BDH - many are Vaisyas, with careers and value systems very similar to those of the stereotypical "Middle American" (the German Mittelstand, in the 1930s sense of the word, is an even better match). But these voters of course vote overwhelmingly for the Democrats - in other words, they vote by race rather than caste. As Steve Sailer points out, Republican attempts to capture them have been futile and are probably a waste of time.

There is a lot of linguistic delicacy surrounding the BDH-OV conflict. As in any political contest, each side can succeed only by crushing the other - capturing its institutions and converting its followers. But keeping this conflict and its predecessors within the bounds of democratic politics, and preventing any degeneration into actual combat, has been a central concern of American intellectuals for the last 200 years. Obviously they haven't always succeeded, which makes the concern all the more intense.

Therefore, we tend to think in terms of euphemisms that conceal the total and existential nature of this nasty and pointless struggle, which I despise with every particle in my body. One of the main reasons I started this blog is that I don't see how the BDH-OV conflict can end until a lot more people are willing to speak frankly about what's actually going on. Wringing our hands in a vain expression of "unity" will not do the job - especially because some of the most interesting tropes of the conflict are issues on which, in my opinion, both sides are profoundly detached from reality.

In my opinion this euphemistic approach to what pretends to be a conflict of ideas and ideals, but is in fact an ordinary and rather tawdry case of communal violence, is inseparable from the disaster of democracy. As Clausewitz observed, war and politics are a continuum. Representative democracy is a limited civil war in which the armies show up, get counted, but don't actually fight. The BDH and OV factions refrain - mostly - from inciting or participating in outright warfare, for one reason: it is not in either's interest. If this ever changes, they'll be at each others' throats like Hutus and Tutsis.

Democracy, like all conventions of limited war, is fragile. It's hard to establish and easy to destroy. One of my main concerns is that I think the principal check that keeps the US from degenerating into actual violence is the 75-year-old informational dominance of "responsible" broadcast and newspaper journalism. This system is dying. It is being replaced by people like Amanda Marcotte and Michelle Malkin. And their followers, if not them personally, seem to have enough pure, 24-karat hate stored up for ten or fifteen really juicy civil wars.

So when people talk about abandoning democracy, they can mean one of two things. They can mean "screw it, let's go to the mattresses," or they can mean abolishing the conflict itself, and designing a system which is based on the rule of law rather than political triumph and defeat. Democratic politics is the middle ground between these options, and I follow Hazlitt (William, not Henry, though they both rock) in refusing to split the difference between right and wrong. This is why I oppose democracy, even though there are many worse alternatives.

Except under circumstances which everyone reading this would consider disastrous, the BDH-OV conflict cannot end in the victory of either side. This should be reason enough for anyone to avoid taking up cudgels on behalf of either. However, because the conflict is at bottom an emotional one, not a matter of facts and figures, I should explain my own emotional response to it.

The hate expressed by BDH or blue-state intellectuals, from Noam Chomsky to Al Sharpton, has a peculiarly smug and contemptuous tone which is instantly familiar to any student of the 20th century, and it leads me - despite my Brahmin upbringing - to side instinctively with the OV faction. I am simply aghast at the hatred of Middle America I see so often in San Francisco. It is pure poison. It is right up there with Streicher in his prime. If it fails to generate actual mayhem, this is a consequence not of tolerance but of sheeplike docility.

But the OVs, the red-staters, have no intellectual institutions worth a damn, since the formerly Optimate universities have all been captured by Brahmins. The Optimate caste is disappearing, and the OV faction is becoming simply V. Since Brahmins tend to be both smarter and better-informed than Vaisyas, there is a tendency - increasing rather than decreasing - for OV perspectives to celebrate ignorance and superstition. You can take the boy out of the library but you can't take the library out of the boy: at heart, I am still a Brahmin.

Also, I believe the actual political tactics pursued by the OV party - that is, the Republicans - have been spectacularly unsuccessful to the point of self-inflicted disaster. I cannot imagine any possible future in which the Republicans actually do recapture Washington - as opposed to the largely-symbolic White House - and if such a thing were to actually happen, I think the results would be so appalling that I'm not sure I could continue to live in the US.

Because we know exactly what a 20th-century OV regime looks like. It looks like Hitler. It also looks like Pinochet, Franco, Salazar, Dollfuss, Verwoerd, Batista, Ian Smith, etc, etc. Hitler ruined it with me when he murdered the Jews, but I do think these other figures of the 20th-century OV "right" have much worse reputations than they deserve. However, I would not describe their regimes as either desirable or successful. Politically they are a dead end.

This definition of "left" as "BDH" and right as "OV" explains a few things. One of them is the strangely disparate treatment meted out to Nazis and Communists. If the US ever started to persecute neo-Communists the way the SPLC hunts for neo-Nazis, it would make McCarthy look like Nelson Rockefeller. If neo-Nazis were as influential as neo-Communists, San Francisco would have an Albert-Speer-Strasse. But the actual human rights violations committed by 20th-century Communists were if anything greater than those committed by all the Fascist parties together, so the doctrine of human rights cannot explain this conundrum.

The answer is that, supposedly, the Communists were "well-intentioned," while the Nazis were simply straight-out evil. This bit of nonsensical sophistry cannot be defended for a minute. The Nazis, for example, won 90% of the vote in the 1935 Saarland plebiscite, which was administered not by them but by the French. It is generally agreed by historians that National Socialism was overwhelmingly supported by the vast majority of Germans from at least 1934 through 1938. The idea that the burghers who lined up to cheer for Hitler were cackling like Dr. Evil is as ahistorical as any ever advanced.

The real cause of the Nazi-Communist conundrum is just that today's ruling class is Brahmin, it writes the history books as winners always have, and the Nazi regime was OV to the core. Whereas Communism is best understood as a sort of deformed, Russian offshoot of the BDH coalition. Of course, it is simply human nature that people are more likely to be appalled by the crimes of their enemies, and excuse or ignore the crimes of their allies.

The current structure of the BDH-OV conflict dates back to the '60s, when Vaisyas started to catch on that the New Deal was not, in fact, all about them. FDR's machine, which of course rules us to this day, was built to a substantial extent on inner-city Irish-Italian-Jewish political machines and their agrarian counterparts. That is, it was built on the votes of Vaisyas who loved the idea of a government that was on their side. But the New Deal in practice was a Brahmin operation from top to bottom, as were its New Frontier and Great Society successors. When this started to become apparent, Nixon's "silent majority," the "Reagan Democrats," etc, etc - in other words, the Vaisya whites - left the party their ancestors had supported for generations. They were replaced by the burgeoning Dalit and Helot castes, and by Optimates whose children were reeducated as Brahmins (in universities captured by BDH violence), creating the present shape of the conflict.

But the word "Brahmin" has of course been applied to the New England elite for quite some time now. Ultimately I think the BDH-OV conflict is best seen as the contemporary incarnation of the same volcanic hotspot in Anglo-American culture which gave us the English Civil War, the Jacobite Wars, and the American Civil War. In other words, the Brahmins are the modern Roundheads, whereas the Optimates are the modern Cavaliers. The other castes, poor schmucks, tend to get the shaft no matter who is in power or what line they preach.

29 Comments:

Anonymous smb said...

I take issue with the notion that the "OV" caste has no intellectual institutions remaining. Even in this wreck of a liberal arts college that I've found myself in, there is a hearty part of population that can recognize Kipling’s "Gods of the Copybook Headings." Moreover, the 'think-tank' network funded by Optimates offers not a little hope. Surely, City Journal provides something to the cultural discourse, even if contributors don't necessarily have a string of initials after their names. And even if they don't, Manhattan Institute writers often do.

You are undoubtedly correct that the old Optimate caste is dying. However the post-Optimates are rising to replace them. I've attempted to expand on this nascent caste in earlier comment sections. Anyhow, the gist is that there's a common understanding between what was the haute-bourgeoisie and what could only be called the ambitious children of the middle classes. It's a clunky phrase, but it captures the picture. There are still debutantes, but now public high school grads end up marrying them.

I don't claim these post-Optimates are politically unified—in my experience, they aren't—but they generally oppose the BDH establishment, whilst tempering the Vaisya faction.

Also, have you considered that in recognizing the joint interests of the O-V castes, you're functioning as a latter-day Disraeli?

May 8, 2007 at 12:35 AM  
Anonymous PA said...

I wonder, don't some B's consider the possibility of D's and H's turning on them, Marie Antoinette-style, if not intentionally then in the context of the chaos than may be unleashed should their numbers and restlessness grow uncontrolled?

On a related note, I am surprised that B's don't see a continuity or at least a kinship with V's, being that most B's are a generation or two removed from rural or humble middle-class backgrounds (isn't filial piety in some form or another is a human constant?)

Also, arguably, the difference between most V's and B's is one of small degree or of circumstance, not of kind.

May 8, 2007 at 7:08 AM  
Anonymous Raymund said...

pa, I don't think Bs worry about social upheaval caused by DHs. High status white Americans are concerned about winning status games against other white Americans, primarily Vs. White Hs and non-whites don't factor in. Steve Sailer has a lot to say about this; much of Tom Wolfe's writing touches on these points too.

Second, Bs are better insulated than Vs from a DH-caused social breakdown, thanks to their gated communities and private schools. If anything, a social breakdown enhances the status of those markers. Vs and aspiring Hs will go from "private school will help my kid get a better job" to "private school will keep my kid from getting stabbed by los cholos."

But third, Ds and Hs almost never stage a revolt, let alone a successful one. Revolts are usually staged by medium- to high-status people who feel they are losing their privileges. (See Robert Cialdini's Influence for more). E.g. Os led the American revolution and the Confederate side of the civil war. A mix of Bs and Vs led the French revolution.

As for kinship between Bs and their V forefathers, one of the main currents of B-thought since the French revolution has been a disdain for tradition and the legacy of the past. (For example, despite my reading of Hayek and Popper, I'm a B with a lot of knotted, uncharitable feelings toward my V/H family of origin and its mores). Plus, the generation gap has been with us since the ancient Greeks, if not before.

May 8, 2007 at 9:18 AM  
Blogger Mencius Moldbug said...

smb,

Okay, "no" is a strong term. And there is some recovery. But the opposition to the BDH machine remains very weak and scattered - compared to, say, the Liberty League of the '30s.

I too am encouraged by the rising tide of intellectual dissent. But I am discouraged by the rising tide of non-intellectual dissent - ie, the thyroid-deficient, talk-radio right - which might as well be in the pay of the Brahmins, for all the good it does.

(It is my firm belief that the only way to beat the Brahmins is to beat them on their home field, that is, intellectually - not politically or militarily. The BDH version of reality is so strange and sclerotic that any Brahmin with a brain will have these little moments of questioning, and there need to be sensible answers ready to dart in whenever these tiny gaps open.)

It is interesting that you mention Disraeli. In my view he was a disaster - it is impossible to imagine Strachey without Disraeli. The mystical imperialism of the late high Victorians gave the Bloomsbury/Fabian set both a preposterous balloon to pop, and a healthy start on their own version of state-worship.

May 8, 2007 at 7:17 PM  
Blogger Mencius Moldbug said...

pa and raymund,

I sort of agree with both of you. The revolution is seldom started by the DHes, but these underclasses are not to be underestimated - in many cases, it is not the Bs who are using them, but they who are using the Bs.

May 8, 2007 at 7:19 PM  
Blogger Steve said...

who's Kipling? and what's City Journal?

May 8, 2007 at 8:47 PM  
Blogger Mencius Moldbug said...

Steve,

Don't tell me you've never kippled!

May 9, 2007 at 12:07 AM  
Anonymous PA said...

Raymund - Good points, generally. But South Africa today is a case study of what happens when Brahmins overplay their hand in 'sicing' Dalits and Helots against the O-V classes and then lose control of the situation.

Mencius - You're right, today's Brahmin class is potentially quite fissile. Your point that they can be beaten only on their own terms, ie., intellectually, is similar to Larry Auster's parallel argument that intellectual Traditionalism is the only way to sustain a fight against Liberalism.

May 9, 2007 at 3:16 AM  
Blogger Mencius Moldbug said...

PA,

Similar - but very different! I've had some interesting experiences emailing with Larry. As I said, I have the highest respect for him. But do I think he's on the right track? Not quite...

May 9, 2007 at 8:19 PM  
Anonymous TGGP said...

Should Batista really be lumped in with those others? He was black and born to a poor family (since it was old Cuba, I would say Helot and not Dalit), replaced by a rather well-off white (i.e a Brahmin). His rule wasn't disastrous either. Cuba had a positive rate of net migration with even European countries. Nowadays even Haitians won't flee to Cuba. See this interview with Huberto Fontova.

May 10, 2007 at 11:52 PM  
Blogger Mencius Moldbug said...

TGGP,

I suspect that if you look at the others, you may end up with the same conclusion! Ian Smith's autobiography, for instance, while it's not very well-written, is certainly an interesting read.

May 11, 2007 at 12:40 PM  
Anonymous tggp said...

Perhaps Ian Smith wasn't a bad leader (I don't know, I'm not familiar with the history), but I am sure he was OV rather than BDH. Batista seems to have come from the latter.

May 11, 2007 at 3:11 PM  
Blogger Mencius Moldbug said...

TGGP,

Hey, thanks for pimping me over at Taki's!

Smith was definitely a Vaisya. I am not that familiar with Batista, but I suspect that the best translation to US conditions would put him as a Vaisya also.

Both the Helot and Dalit phenomena are rather special to the US as it is today - to me Helotry implies a real rootlessness, a complete separation from civil society. Also, Batista may have been the child of agricultural laborers, but he was resocialized as an army NCO, which is very much the Vaisya segment of the military caste.

May 12, 2007 at 10:03 AM  
Anonymous TGGP said...

You are right that the military/officer corps has usually been OV dominated. However, that would make Hugo Chavez, Moammar Qadhaffi, the communist Derg, Flt. Lt. Jerry John Rawlings, Thomas Sankara, Lucio Gutierrez, Siad Barre and others who fit the mold of revolutionary leftists would also be OV. I still say Batista's military service is insufficient to make him OV, though I admit that my lack of knowledge about old Cuban society relative to that of the US may warp my view.

May 12, 2007 at 9:18 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

A couple of minor quibbles: the defining characteristic of the traditional Mittelstand was independence*, so corporate and government jobs wouldn't qualify, though they're obviously part of your Vaisya component. The other point is that the Saarland plebiscite was about rejoining Germany or remaining under League of Nations (effectively French) domination, not exactly a referendum on the Nazi regime. (Your basic point stands though: the border and irredenta areas were generally pro-Nazi.)

To what extent do you think your BDH/OV scheme applies to other Western societies?

*or supposed independence - no-one dishes out the "independence" rhetoric better than a farmer who gets 70% of his income from the state (though farmers are Bauernstand rather than Mittelstand).

intellectual pariah

May 13, 2007 at 11:20 AM  
Blogger Mencius Moldbug said...

TGGP and IP,

I am not an expert in old Cuba either, and I think my system totally falls apart when it comes to the 3rd world proper (which Cuba wasn't, really).

I do insist on the distinction between NCOs and officers, though. It is perhaps the clearest remaining line between Vaisya and Optimate (or, increasingly, Brahmin) status.

IP, I defer on Bauernstand versus Mittelstand - your knowledge of things German clearly exceeds mine. And yes, I do know what the Saarland referendum was about. But it was by no means the only Nazi plebiscite, just the only one run by the French. And Nazi Germany, in general, was very pro-Nazi. At least until the war.

National Socialism was definitely a Protestant movement, culturally at least, and most of the opposition to it came from Catholics and aristos. But if you read Richard Evans' history of the Third Reich, in '38 even the exiled Social Democrat leadership was admitting that Hitler was overwhelmingly popular. Of course I interpret this as a negative reflection on democracy, not a positive reflection on Nazism!

To me the core of Vaisya-ness is materialism - a complete engagement with work, family and community. Patriotism and religion are often part of this, but experienced on a tribal rather than an intellectual level. I think of fascism as a heinous perversion of this value system, much as communism is a perversion of Brahmin values.

Behind every movement there is a beautiful truth, and Nazism is no exception. This does not contradict the heinous crimes of the Nazis - it explains how they could happen.

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